Equality: right du jour or right de jure?

Danielle Allen isn’t the only contemporary female philosopher morally committed to equality…

Here is an excerpt from published early in the new year:  The Philosopher Redefining Equality (from The New Yorker 7 January 2019)

“In Anderson’s view, the way forward was to shift from distributive equality to what she called relational, or democratic, equality: meeting as equals, regardless of where you were coming from or going to. This was, at heart, an exercise of freedom. The trouble was that many people, picking up on libertarian misconceptions, thought of freedom only in the frame of their own actions. If one person’s supposed freedom results in someone else’s subjugation, that is not actually a free society in action. It’s hierarchy in disguise.

To be truly free, in Anderson’s assessment, members of a society had to be able to function as human beings (requiring food, shelter, medical care), to participate in production (education, fair-value pay, entrepreneurial opportunity), to execute their role as citizens (freedom to speak and to vote), and to move through civil society (parks, restaurants, workplaces, markets, and all the rest). Egalitarians should focus policy attention on areas where that order had broken down. Being homeless was an unfree condition by all counts; thus, it was incumbent on a free society to remedy that problem. A quadriplegic adult was blocked from civil society if buildings weren’t required to have ramps. Anderson’s democratic model shifted the remit of egalitarianism from the idea of equalizing wealth to the idea that people should be equally free, regardless of their differences. A society in which everyone had the same material benefits could still be unequal, in this crucial sense; democratic equality, being predicated on equal respect, wasn’t something you could simply tax into existence. “People, not nature, are responsible for turning the natural diversity of human beings into oppressive hierarchies,” Anderson wrote.”


That’s Part of Coming to College: That’s a Part of being an American citizen

Nick Basquine speaks out after racist video…wants zero tolerance for racism.

“Riley has no problem with his players speaking their minds — he encourages it. He understands the importance of his team responding to an incident of this magnitude.

“ ‘I’m proud of them. That’s part of coming to college, is learning to speak for yourself and learning to weigh in on values. That’s a part of being an American citizen,’ ” Riley said. “I think our guys have done a great job. I encourage them to not be afraid to speak their mind’ ” (Lincoln Riley quoted in the OU Daily, emphasis added).

Riley’s quote is from the 22 January 2019 edition of the OU Daily , a news story about his support of the stance OU football players have taken on the racist blackface minstrelsy incident last week and the SAE incident in 2015.

Directions For Annotating Using Hypothes.is

1) Make 2-3 annotations (minimum) in any given course reading. Annotations should respond to a passage that you highlight.

2) Annotations should include your response to the text, but also be substantive, analytical, and reflective. Please see the “Annotating and Note-Taking Handout” for guidelines.

3) If another student has already annotated a passage you wanted to annotate, you have two options: a) reply to that annotation, or b) choose another passage to annotate.

3) Reply to at least 2 annotations made by your peers.

4) If someone replies to your annotation, reply to their reply to keep the conversation going.

5) TAG all annotations CITA2019

Welcome to Citizens!…with a poem


America, you ode for reality!
Give back the people you took.

Let the sun shine again
on the four corners of the world

you thought of first but do not
own, or keep like a convenience.

People are your own word, you invented that locus and term.
Here, you said and say, is where we are.

Give backwhat we are, these people you made,
us, and nowhere but you to be.

From Selected Poems by Robert Creeley. Copyright © 1991